Thyroid eye disease is a distressing condition that affects both men ad women. Fortunately, there are effective treatments available for this disease once the symptoms get diagnosed. Therefore, one should have a brief introduction about this eye condition to seek immediate medical attention.
In this blog, we will discuss how to diagnose thyroid eye disease and what are your treatment options.
What is Thyroid Eye Disease?
Thyroid Eye Disease or TED is an autoimmune disease which causes inflamed fatty tissue and eye muscles. This inflammation can result in bulging or staring of the eyes and eyelids. The eyes become out of line, and the individual suffers from double vision. In some rare cases, TED may result in blindness due to pressure created on the nerve at the back of the eye or ulcers formed on the cornea.
TED is primarily associated with over-active or under-active thyroid glands. People who smoke cigarette too often are at higher risk of developing this eye condition.
Symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease (TED)
- The symptoms include:
- Eye bags
- Blurred or double vision
- Changes in the eye appearance (bulged out or stared)
- Difficulty moving the eyeballs
- Dry eyes
- Watery eyes
- Gritty feeling in the eyes
- Intolerance to bright light
- Pain in the eyes while looking up or down
- Red eyelids
- Swollen or red upper eyelids
The symptoms of TED get progressive in the first 6-12 months. Therefore, one should immediately consult an eye doctor to prevent the condition from getting worse. Mild TED gets treated using prescribed teardrops. For severe TED, doctors recommend one of the following treatment procedures:
Decompression Surgery: In this procedure, the doctor removes bone and tissue from the behind of your eyes to create more space.
Eye Muscle Surgery: This procedure helps correct the double vision and blurriness.
Eyelid Surgery: It helps improve the appearance and function of eyelids.
Some other treatment options include:
- High dose of steroid medicines to reduce inflammation and double vision
- Prism glasses to correct double vision
How to minimize the TED Effects?
- Quit smoking
- Take selenium supplements available over the counter.
- Test your blood regularly and never skip the thyroid hormone medicines
- Keep your body weight in check
TED or Thyroid Eye Disease can also affect your social and psychological well-being. Connect with our expert Eye specialist in Santacruz and reclaim your vision before it’s too late. You can call today for your routine check-up.